Roof Maintenance For The New Year

by Gail Brumfield

The winter months will be over before you know it. As the colder months turn into spring, you should review the outside of your home to check out it’s condition, especially if you experienced heavy snowfall or inclement weather. Once things have warmed up a bit outside your home, it’s time to check things over and handle some light maintenance to ensure your home is in good shape for the spring. Use the list below as a checklist for your review.

Clean Your Gutters

In order for water to run off your roof to the ground, you’ll need to make sure your gutters are clear! If they’re clogged up, it can mean standing water on the rooftop, which can lead to a variety of problems like leaks and water damage.

Get a Checkup from a Professional

Many roofing companies will come inspect your roof for a relatively low cost. It’s easy to find one, simply pull up Google in your favorite web browser and type in the service you’re looking for followed by the closest major city. For instance, if you live in Atlanta, Georgia, you’d type in “roofing atlanta” to see some of the best roofing companies in your area. A professional roofer will conduct a thorough analysis of your roof and let you know if there are any urgent repairs that need to be made, as well as any problems that might grow into larger ones over time. Preventative measures could save you big in the long run, so make sure to carefully consider the feedback you receive from a roofer.

Roof Repair - Replace missing shingles before the spring

Replace Loose Shingles

If your roof has missing shingles, make sure to replace them! Rain is common during the spring, and you’ll want to make sure your shingles are in good shape before your house is getting soaked in water. More rain means less days where someone can safely work on your roof, so you’ll want to ensure to take care of this problem ahead of time.

Check on Your Siding

Your siding might not seem like a component of your home’s exterior that you’d normally check on when examining your roofing, but problems with your siding can affect your roof, and vice versa. When reviewing the condition of your roofing, make sure to check on your siding as well. Take note of the condition of your siding near the roof line and look for any areas that may be water damaged or cracked, or for spots where the siding is coming away from your home. Many professional roofers also offer siding services as well, so you can often work with one service provider to address both issues.


Window Replacement – Things To Consider Before Making Your Decision

by Gail Brumfield


Are you thinking about replacing your home’s windows? There are lots of great reasons to do it. Old windows may be in bad shape, which can mean drafts in your house and increased energy bills. If they’re in really poor condition, they could lead to leaks, pest infestation, or even structural damage to the surrounding walls in your home. They also might just look bad! Old windows can severely date a home, and upgrading them will instantly improve the look of your house. Upgrading your home with a window replacement can also boost your home’s valuation. Below are some things to consider before replacing your home’s windows.


Aesthetics are likely the first thing you’ll think about when choosing new windows for your home. Consider the current design of your house – would your home look best with traditionally styled windows, or will modern styles better match your façade? When choosing replacement windows, consider both the exterior and interior of your home. What will best match the existing architecture? What kind of features and accoutrements do you want the windows to have? What about the color for outside? Inside? All of these are important considerations to make when thinking about how you’d like your windows to look. A good window replacement company will have a variety of window types available in many styles, finishes, and colors, as well as hardware and grille patterns. The best ones will offer completely custom windows cut to shape for your home, so they’re a perfect fit and unique.

Long-Term Benefits

All windows are not created equal. Some windows simply will not have the build quality, energy efficiency, styling, or staying power of those from other manufacturers. When shopping for replacement windows, consider different types of materials for the frames. Vinyl replacements are popular, but they might not as look as good as traditional wooden frames. Frames made from wood may look great, but they can have problems with durability, and often require a lot of maintenance and upkeep. Newer types of composite materials like Fibrex combine the great appearance of wood, with the durability of vinyl. This type of frame-material is truly the “next generation” of window frames, combining the best qualities of other types of materials. They look amazing, provide superior energy efficiency and insulation, are stronger, longer lasting, and require less maintenance than frames made from other types of materials. When shopping for windows, ask your window replacement company if they offer frames made from Fibrex.

The glass in your windows is also important. You’ll want to make sure the windows you purchase come with double panes at a minimum. If you truly want to save money on your power bills, shop around for windows that come with energy efficient glass, that’s suitable for both cold and warm climates. This can greatly reduce the cost of your monthly energy bills, and the savings will offset the initial investment overtime. The best types of glass also block out UV rays, keeping your furniture, walls, and most importantly your family, protected from the sun during bright days.

If you’re ready to replace your windows, start by doing a quick Google search to find companies in your area. For instance, if you live in Charlotte, NC, you could type “window replacement charlotte nc” into Google to pull up some window replacement companies in your area. Check out a couple different ones, read their reviews, and give one of them a call! The best ones will offer a free in-home consultation and will give you a lot of free information so you can make an informed decision. Happy window shopping!

Everything You Should Know About Subcontractors

by Gail Brumfield

A subcontractor is an individual or company that carries out certain tasks on behalf of the main contractor. The need for a subcontractor may arise due to a number of issues including a lack of tools or expertise by the main contractor. Some examples of subcontractors that can be hired include electricians like Robertson Electric, plumbers, landscapers, painters and roofers. For subcontractors to remain relevant in a competitive world they must ensure that they build a good reputation.

It is vital to use a reputable sub-contractor in order to protect your investment. With the recent ravaging scenes left behind by natural disasters, like wild fires and hurricanes, the crucial role played by sub-contractors is front and center. When you hire a sub-contractor you are putting your business in their hands. Ultimate confidence and trust is placed in the hands of these craftsmen. It is imperative to hire qualified sub-contractors to ensure the quality of the numerous construction projects for which they are hired.

There are a myriad of jobs that are hired out to sub-contractors. Almost every aspect of construction has a different contractor that carries out that particular task. There are electricians, plumbers, framers, dry wallers, painters, landscapers and the list keeps going. A handyman might know how to repair a little bit of any part of your structure, but for large and detailed jobs, you need a specialist. Since there are so many skill sets involved in construction be sure your contractor has specific experience in the particular job you need accomplished.

When completing an entire structure, one contractors ability to complete a job usually depends on another’s ability to complete a job. An example of this is the job of an electrician. The electrician needs to install the electric lines completely and accurately before the dry wall can be installed. There are several different instances of this during an entire build. It is another reason to verify the company that you hire. The work they do can create a negative chain reaction if there are quality issues. Costs to repair a botched job quickly escalate if it negatively effects other aspects of the build.

Electrician Installing SocketUsing experienced workers is another way to conserve costs and stay on budget. Someone experienced in doing a particular job has prior knowledge about problems and issues that tend to arise. They will also have experience in what materials and tools best accomplish the task at hand. Both of these aspects equate to money saving decisions. There is no need to experiment with materials or techniques that are unfamiliar. Short cuts and money saving decisions are more easily made when the contractor can predict how the job needs to be completed.

The more experienced a sub-contractor is chances are they have been in business for a longer amount of time and are more reliable to rectify a mistake. Mistakes do happen and problems do arise. When you use someone who has been in business longer, there are better chances that they are properly insured to cover liabilities. There is also a better chance of that person having the capital and means to rectify problems. In the unfortunate event that financial compensation is a part of fixing the problem, a more established business typically has more financial backing.

A more established business has worked hard to gain and maintain a good reputation and they will not want it tarnished. It is not easy to earn a good reputation. It is difficult to get people to vouch for a business. It is even more difficult to get someone to personally refer someone to use a particular business. A contractor or business that worked hard enough to have this kind of reputation will work just as hard to maintain it. When a problem or issue does come up, that contractor will usually go out of there way to rectify or fix the issue. They understand how they deal with problems is just as important as the final product. After they have spent years working on building a good name it is certain they will not be willing to let one issue on one job destroy that time investment. Happy clients only equates to more work and an experienced sub-contractor understands this point. Fly by night contractors do not have reputations to defend. This type of contractor usually works in several different states, traveling to a different state for new clients instead of relying on referrals.

It is easy to select the lowest bidder that will complete the job in the least amount of time. This is particularly true after a natural disaster when you are facing homelessness or joblessness. However, do not succumb to this potentially financially devastating risk. Take the time to shop around for a sub-contractor. Check references, credentials and insurance coverage of the sub-contractor before you even ask for a bid. When you do select a few companies, get more than one bid to be certain that you are getting a fair price. All of this ground work might sound like a big time investment and often it is. However, this time investment will secure the substantial financial investment made in hiring a sub-contractor. It is easy to find reputable sub-contractors if you are prudent.




Is Replacing Your Cabinets Worth It?

by Gail Brumfield

We’ve all seen how dingy old cabinets can ruin the appeal of an otherwise nice kitchen. It’s an unfortunate reality that cabinets will eventually get grubby from years of use, especially cabinets around the stove top that get splattered with oil and grease. In addition to dirt and grime, cabinets get dented, nicked, and scratched over time. All of this wear and tear can really hurt the overall look of your kitchen.

Most of the time when cabinets get to this point, people consider getting the whole unit refaced. Unfortunately, getting your kitchen cabinets refaced is a long, expensive, and messy process that will take your kitchen out of commission for days or weeks. Nobody wants to turn their kitchen into a construction zone for that long.

Luckily, there are alternatives to replacing or fully refacing the cabinets in your kitchen. One alternative would be to buy some powerful degreasing solution and try to clean all the caked-on grime off of your cabinets, and then follow up with some joint compound and matching stain to take care of any dents, scratches, or nicks. This solution would be a great deal of work, with no guarantee that your cabinets will come out looking all that much better.

Another alternative would be cabinet refinishing services from a company like N-Hance Wood Renewal. Refinishing your cabinets is a much quicker and more affordable process than trying to reface everything or replace them entirely. These services generally cost a fraction of the price of replacement or refacing, and at the end of the day, your cabinets will look good as new.

The process starts with them sanding down your cabinets to remove any grime, scratches, nicks, stains, or other blemishes. After your cabinets are smoothed down and free of imperfections, they’ll wipe everything down and vacuum up any dust from the sanding process in preparation for staining.

Once you get to the staining part of the process you have a couple of choices that you can make. You could have them match the stain that was originally on your cabinets to return them to their original color, rejuvenating your kitchen while still keeping the same general aesthetic. Alternatively, you could choose a darker shade of stain for your kitchen. Most of the time you won’t be able to get your cabinets any lighter than they are, short of painting them white, but it’s easy to take them a few shades darker, or even many shades darker if that’s what you’re looking for.

In addition to natural stain, N-Hance and other cabinet refinishing companies can also repaint your cabinet in a variety of different colors, and even add antiquing to give them a classic look. All white cabinets are very popular these days, and with a little bit of antiquing can make your kitchen look like a traditional farmhouse kitchen.

The possibilities are nearly endless when it comes to what you want your cabinets to look like after a refinishing job. You can basically get what will feel like a brand new set of cabinets, for a fraction of the price. So, before you go trying to get a carpenter to custom fit a whole new set of cabinets for your kitchen, talk to some refinishing experts to see if there’s a better alternative to replacement. You might be amazed at what they’re able to do!

How Much Damage Can Pet Stains Cause to Your Home?

by Gail Brumfield

Carpet cleaning companies are constantly telling consumers how much damage pet urine can cause to their flooring, but how much damage can it actually cause? You might be surprised to find out that pet urine can cause a plethora of problems for your home both in terms of actual physical damage, as well as environmental factors for you and your family.

Housebreaking new pets is always a fair amount of work, and during that period there are bound to be accidents that happen along the way. It’s incredibly important to take care of pet stains as soon as you are aware of them or there may be some nasty unintended consequences for your carpets as well as your health.

What kind of damage can pet urine cause? Here are some of the main issues that can develop from untreated pet urine in your home:

  1. A Higher Risk for Dangerous Mold – When pets urinate on your floor, it’s imperative to clean it up immediately, not only because it’s gross, but because the longer it stays there the higher the chance of a repeat offense in the same spot. When spots like this are left untreated, pets will resoil the same spot instinctually in an attempt to remark their territory. The repeated moisture caused by this will eventually seep into your padding and subfloor, trapping moisture and creating a perfect environment for multiple different kinds of bacteria to grow. Some of these bacteria, like penicillium, can cause respiratory issues for adults and children alike, and some bacteria can even cause asthma or other breathing conditions to develop.
  2. A Strong Ammonia Smell – All urine has ammonia in it, but the ammonia in cat urine is particularly concentrated. If a urine spot is left unchecked those chemicals will crystalize and trap the odor in your carpet, making it much more difficult to get rid of. In addition to smelling disgusting, this odor can exacerbate symptoms for people suffering from COPD, or worsen allergy symptoms for people that come in contact with it.
  3. Growth of Microorganisms – There is a wide range of microorganisms that can grow and thrive on the moisture left behind from pet accidents, and for most adults with a healthy immune system they don’t pose any sort of serious threat. They can, however, cause minor health issues like sinusitis, watery eyes, and increased allergic reactions. For young children or the elderly, these microorganisms can pose a more serious risk, due to their more easily compromised immune systems.
  4. Sub Floor Rot – In serious cases, where a urine spot has been left untreated and repeatedly resoiled, the moisture will seep through both your carpeting and your padding down to the subfloor, where it can cause serious structural damage. If left too long, the moisture can start to break down the subfloor, causing it to rot and become soft, which could eventually turn into a hole in your floor, which can cause a whole host of other problems.

In short, pet stains can quickly become a very serious problem for your health and your home. There are many different home remedies that you can use to help break up and remove pet stains, like a baking soda and vinegar solution. Often times that will be enough to take care of your stain, though in serious cases where the stain has been left to sit for a while, or if it’s in a hard to reach place that you may not have noticed, you might need some professional help. Carpet cleaning companies like Chem-Dry of Omaha, have specialized equipment that helps them to break up and destroy pet stains all the way through the layers of your floor. They also have the expertise to pull back your carpeting and make sure that your padding and subfloor haven’t started to mold or show other signs of deterioration.

If you’re housebreaking a new puppy, or just have a cat that prefers your floor to the litter box, make sure to stay on top of getting those stains up as soon as possible. It will make a huge difference when it comes to the indoor air quality of your home, and your general environment as well.

Dealing with Excessive Damage as a Homeowner

by Gail Brumfield

Every homeowner dreads coming back from a vacation only to find that a disaster has struck their house in their absence. Whether it’s a burst pipe causing flooding, or faulty electrical connections causing a fire, home disasters happen on a regular basis. Needless to say, these disasters are incredibly inconvenient, expensive, and frightening for everyone involved. In serious cases, you may end up replacing most of your belongings on top of intensive home repairs.

When it comes to dealing with home disasters, many people have no idea where to even start the process of fixing the massive damage and destruction. Most people only deal with these kinds of situations a few times in their lives, so it is often a new and daunting experience for a homeowner. Whether you’re dealing with a fire, flood, or some kind of storm damage, there are easy steps that one can take to get the ball rolling for home repair.

Here are some of the most common types of home damage with first steps you can take to start the home repair process:

Fire Damage:

A house fire is one of the most destructive situations a homeowner can face. Not only can fire quickly destroy your whole house, but even if kept contained to one room, the smoke can fill up the rest of the house causing filth and dangerous living conditions.

In the event of a fire, always remember, safety first! Make sure that everyone is evacuated from the home as soon as possible. Stay low to the ground while exiting to avoid smoke, and always check doorknobs before opening a door to keep fire contained. When all family members and pets are safely removed from the house, call 911 immediately. Generally the first person out of the house should make the call as soon as they are able.

Once the fire has been put out, it is time to assess the damage and file a claim with your insurance provider. Most insurance providers offer 24 hour emergency claim services, so you should be able to file the same day of the incident, no matter what time it is.

Once your insurance provider has been notified of your situation, it’s time to start the process of searching for a contractor who can assess the damage to your home and provide you with an estimate for repairs. Your insurance provider will take a look at the estimate and determine whether or not it seems reasonable for the work that needs to be accomplished. Once your insurance company signs off on the estimate, the contractor can begin the process of repairing your home.

Repairs can take several weeks to several months or even a year if the damage is severe. Depending on the extent of the damage you will probably want to seek a temporary living space for you and your family.

Water Damage:

Water damage is one of the most common types of home damage in the United States. It can stem from various sources, such as a burst pipe, broken appliance, or poorly installed plumbing. In many cases the source of water damage is readily apparent, like in the case of a broken dishwasher that is leaking excessive amounts of water onto the floor. Though, in some cases, water damage can take place over a long period of time, for example a small drip somewhere in the walls of your home that is slowly causing mold and rot in places that aren’t readily visible.

Be aware of the signs of water damage, you can find more information about what those look like here.

In the event of water damage in your home, first order of business is finding the source of the water. Sometimes it may be an appliance, and other times it might not be obvious where the source is. In cases where you can’t identify the source, turn off all water to your home. Once the source has been identified and stopped, take steps to remove anything salvageable from the affected area. This could be furniture, storage boxes, rugs, or anything that could be ruined by water.

When you’ve stopped the source of the water and salvaged anything that can be saved in the affected area, it’s time to report your incident to your insurance provider and call a contractor that can assess the damage to your home and provide you with next steps. Depending on the extent of the damage, water damage can necessitate the replacement of walls, floors, molding, and cabinets. In the most serious cases, water damage can cause severe structural problems that require extensive repairs. The sooner you get a contractor and your insurance company involved, the sooner your home will be back to normal.

Storm Damage:

This type of home damage can vary wildly in terms of what will be required to fix it. In the case of strong winds and hail, you may need to replace the siding or shingles on your home. Heavy rain could flood your whole property, or a tornado could break windows and tear off chunks of the roof.

Due to the variable nature of storm damage, there is no simple fix that I can provide that will be appropriate for all kinds of storm damage. Here are some good general rules that one can follow when dealing with powerful storm systems:

  • When high winds are expected, board up windows to keep debris from breaking the glass into your home.
  • In case of heavy rain, use sandbags on doors and windows that open up at ground level to keep excess water out.
  • Remember Safety First! Stay in interior sections of your home during a storm and far away from windows at all times.
  • Take care of any dead or dangerous looking trees around your property BEFORE a storm is approaching. This can help save you from a dangerous situation in the future.
  • Make sure cars and generators are full of gas, in case you need to evacuate or rely on your generator for power.

In the event of storm damage, inform your insurance provider of any damage that your home has sustained, and work with them to find a contractor that can help you get your house back to normal.

Finding the Right Contractor

There are many options when it comes to choosing a home damage contractor, and after dealing with a home emergency you’ve got more things to worry about than weighing the pros and cons of various contractors. For the quickest repairs, you’ll want to choose someone who is pre-approved with major insurance companies, as that will allow for the fastest communication between insurance provider and contractor, meaning your estimates will be signed off on faster and your repairs can begin sooner.

An example of this sort of contractor is Metropolitan Contractors in Northern Virginia. They specialize in home damage repairs, and work closely with most of the major insurance providers to ensure that repairs are completed quickly and properly.

If you are suffering from home damage, the team at American House on the Hill sincerely wishes you the best. We hope that everything goes well for your repairs and that you can quickly get back to doing the things you love in your home.

Properly Storing An Antique Rug

If you make the investment into a high-quality antique Persian rug, it’s just as important that you take the time to store it properly when you are moving, or have to remove it from your house for a period of time. Improperly storing your antique rugs and fabrics can cause major issues to the quality and overall health of the item.


To properly store a carpet, it’s important to follow the steps outlined below:

  1. Properly and thoroughly hand-wash the Persian antique rug before storing it. Insects, particularly moths and other flying critters, are far less interested in a clean rug than a dirty, dusty older rug. If you don’t have the time or the budget to invest in a hand-wash from a professional carpet cleaning company such as http://www.chemdryofcharleston.com/, it may be worthwhile to purchase some cedar blocks and pieces of cedar wood to store with the rug. This can help prevent moths and other insects from flocking to the fabric.
  2. It is EXTREMELY important that you not wrap the rug in a sheet of plastic when you are storing it for extended periods of time. Wrapping an antique rug, or any rug in general, in a plastic wrap can contribute heavily to moisture build up within the plastic, leading to mildew and mold growth, which has the potential to create health hazards and other issues with your family and home. In most cases, if you need to wrap the rug in a plastic material for whatever reason, it’s best to use a special construction material such as Tyvek paper, because it is specifically made to be resistant to moisture and mildew.
  3. Covering all of the seams on the rug after it is wrapped is an often-overlooked step, but is absolutely vital. If you aren’t careful to cover the various openings and seams on the rug, it can allow moisture, insects, and other issues to seep in to the fabric over time.
  4. Keeping the rug out of moisture-heavy areas is the most important thing you can do to prevent any kind of damage over a long-term period. The majority of problems that arise with antique rugs and carpets has to do with moisture and humidity build up. If possible, putting the rug on an elevated surface rather than on the floor can help prevent any kind of moisture issues as well.
  5. Do not use any sort of chemical or pesticide sprays when you are storing the rug. These are very toxic, and most of the time very acidic, which can be very harmful to antique rugs and carpets. There are special sprays that can be purchased for storing rugs in moth-ridden areas.
  6. The last issue that arises with storing rugs and carpets has to do with mice and rats getting to it. It can be tough dealing with a rodent problem, because they can eat through any sort of wrapping or paper that you may have around the rug. In these cases, the best guidance and information that can be given is to store the rug in as clean of an area as possible, trying to avoid common problematic areas for rodents such as the basement or attic.

Top 4 Preventable Water Damage Sources

by Gail Brumfield

There are many different causes of water damage, some of which there’s not much you can do to prevent, like natural disasters or storm flooding, but there are plenty of causes that can be prevented with regular maintenance checks.

Since the majority of modern plumbing work is hidden in your walls and cabinets, it can be easy to forget it’s there altogether. While everything is usually fine, it doesn’t hurt to have a professional check out your plumbing system to make sure that it isn’t cracking or leaking in any spots.

Here are the most important kinds of plumbing damage to look out for:

Leaky or Burst Pipes:

This is one that you will probably notice, as most of the time the water damage is done by the time you notice a burst pipe. Leaky pipes may give you slightly more warning if they are dripping in a place that is visible. For instance, a leaky pipe in your ceiling will cause a spot on the ceiling that will slowly grow, allowing you to address the situation before it starts to afflict other areas of your home. Burst pipes generally cause rapid water damage to the area around the pipe, which needs to be addressed immediately.


Unwanted Water Buildup in Attics, Crawl spaces, & Basements:

This kind of water damage is a little more difficult to detect early. Since these areas aren’t usually accessed all that often, with the possible exception of a basement that is used as a functional room, water can build up slowly over a long period of time, eventually causing serious structural issues for your home.

Checking your crawl space can be difficult, especially if you’re older or just aren’t sure what you’re looking for. Calling an HVAC professional in your area is the best way to have your crawl space checked for excess water. Some places even provide closed crawl services where they will come and seal up your crawl space to prevent any moisture buildup. Crawl space water damage is incredibly important to check on since it can cause serious damage to the foundation of your home.

HVAC Units:

Most of the time if your HVAC system is running properly there shouldn’t be any moisture buildup, but if you neglect to get them serviced regularly, it can cause moisture build up in and around the unit.  This moisture can interact with any mold spores in your ductwork, causing them to start growing and pumping mold throughout your house. This can drastically lower your indoor air quality and cause health issues for you and your family.

Appliance Malfunction:

Another common cause of household water damage is malfunctioning appliances that use large amounts of water such as, washing machines, dishwashers, water heaters, and refrigerators.  Over time the pipes and connections can get rusty and crack causing leaks, and in some cases a massive failure can cause the unit to drain all over the floor creating a huge mess.

Replacing your appliances every 10 years or so is a good way to avoid a catastrophic system failure ending with home water damage. It’s a good idea to have an appliance specialist come check out your appliances if they start to make strange noises or seem to be malfunctioning in some way to avoid water damage before it happens.

These are some of the most common preventable causes of water damage. Unfortunately not all water damage can be prevented and there are emergency situations where preparation simply doesn’t solve the issue, but it doesn’t hurt to be as prepared as possible.

Calling your local plumbing professional (we use Bradley Mechanical here in Richmond) is a good start to help identify any potential problems with your plumbing, HVAC system, and attic and crawl space. They will be able to tell you about potential issues and offer solutions that could save you lots of money and strife further down the road.

Refinishing Your Historic Floors

by Gail Brumfield

Many historic homes throughout the US have gorgeous wooden floors that were put in when the house was built. While many of these floors have experienced their fair share of wear and tear over the years, don’t think for a second that they can’t be restored to their former shine and luster. With a little hard work, or a few phone calls, you can bring new life to the beautiful historic floors in your home.

Most historic floors are made of oak, an extremely hard and durable wood, which means that if taken care of properly your floors will last for a very very long time. Unfortunately, many of these beautiful hardwood floors get covered up by new homeowners with laminate, tile, carpet, or in the worst cases torn up and replaced with newer, less durable wood. Historic oak floors can last for 100 years or more if taken care of properly, while newer wood flooring products last 40-50 years on average.

When it comes to refinishing your historic floors, there are a couple different choices you’ll want to make before you start your project. To figure out the best plan for refinishing your floors, you’ll need to check out the floor to determine which of these methods is the best solution.

Screening vs. Sanding

Screening Equipment

Sanding Equipment

Screening is a great way to take off the current finish of a floor without sanding into the wood itself. This method is only appropriate for floors with an un-waxed polyurethane coating, which is a hard plastic finish that sits on top of the floor rather than sinking into the wood like oil based finish. Screening works best for floors that have a scratched finish. If the actual wood under the finish is stained or damaged, sanding may be a better option for your floor.

Sanding is the appropriate solution for floors that have oil based finish, a wax coating on a polyurethane finish, or are showing damage to the wood floorboards. Sanding can be tricky, and if done incorrectly can make your floor uneven, or grind uneven grooves and ridges into the floor.

Both of these methods cause a fair amount of dust, so you’ll want to create a seal by taping over the door with plastic before starting. Screening creates less dust than sanding, but either way you’ll want to keep the mess confined to the room you’re working in so you can vacuum it up more easily.

Oil Based Polyurethane vs. Water Based Polyurethane

The next thing you’ll need to figure out for your floor restoration is what kind of finish you’ll use to recoat your floors. Polyurethane is the most common finish for hardwood floors due to its durability and resistance to heavy traffic. You just need to decide whether oil or water based polyurethane is right for your floors.

Oil based polyurethane is great for beginners because it can be worked when wet, which means you can go back and fix any mistakes. Unfortunately, it also takes much longer to dry than water based and emits noxious fumes. It is also cheaper than water based polyurethane. One thing to consider with oil based finish is the fact that it will darken to a light amber color over time, which can look beautiful on certain floors, but if you’re trying to preserve the exact look of the wood in your floor, water based finish might be a better choice.

Water based polyurethane dries totally clear, and much faster than oil based. While that may sound like an advantage (and it can be!), you also need to take into account the skill that it will require to get it all smooth and right the first time. Both of these finishes need to be worked with a “wet edge”, which means you can’t allow it to dry while you’re still coating the floor, otherwise there will be a visible edge where the dried finish creates a bump. You also won’t be able to go back and work with water based finish, even while it’s wet, because it will create marks in the finish.

All that being said, both finishes are good options for hardwood floors, it all just depends on your level of skill and what you want your final product to look like.

Basic Refinishing Process

Here’s a quick rundown of the refinishing process. For more in-depth instructions on how to refinish your floors, ask a professional at your local hardware store, or check out this guide: https://www.thisoldhouse.com/how-to/refinishing-school .

  1. Cleaning – Firstly, you’ll need to remove all the furniture from the room and clean the floor to get up any loose particles that might scratch up the floor during sanding or buffing. Just spray the area with your choice of cleaning agent and wipe it down with an old terrycloth mop or towel.
  2. Sand the Perimeter and Hard to Reach Spaces – Before you break out your drum sander or polisher with a screening disk, you’ll want to sand the finish down around the perimeter of the room and in other areas where the power sander won’t be able to fit. Sand each floorboard until the finish gets dull and forms a powder.
  3. Power Sanding – Once you’ve gotten all of the hard to reach places, break out that drum sander or polisher and screen or sand the rest of your floor. Take care to move at an even pace with the sander to avoid creating uneven spots in the floor. Take a shop-vac and vacuum the dust off of the pad every so often to keep it working consistently.
  4. Dust Clean-up – Take a short break and let all the dust in the room settle for about 20 minutes after sanding. Once everything seems to be settled, put the brush attachment on your shop-vac and get up all of the dust. Move along the seams of the boards to make sure you get any dust that might have settled in between the cracks.
  5. Applying the Perimeter Finish – Now that you’ve gotten all the dust up, strap on some booties to cover your shoes, and grab your paintbrush and finish. Have your roller for the next step ready to go, since you’ll need to work quickly at this point (unless you’re using oil based finish, which will give you a little more leeway in terms of drying time).  Using your paintbrush, paint a 3 inch stripe of finish all around the perimeter of the room starting from the back corner (you don’t want to paint yourself in!) being careful not to let this strip dry. If you’re in a large room, you might want to get the first section and then complete other parts of the perimeter as you come to them.
  6. Finishing the Middle – While the edge finish is still wet, pour a line of finish along the floor in line with the grain of the wood. Take care to only pour about as much as you can spread in ten minutes, you want to make sure you’re maintaining your “wet edge”. First spread the finish with the grain, and then move the roller across the grain. Repeat this process until the whole room is covered, again taking care not to paint yourself into the room. Wait about 3 hours before applying a second coat, and a week or so before replacing your furniture (dry times will be longer with oil based finish).

That’s about it as far as the refinishing process goes. It can be quite a bit of work if you’ve never done it before, and it can be tricky to get a nice finish the first time you do it. That being said, if you do it properly and follow directions, you’ll end up with a floor that you can be proud of for years to come.

If you aren’t sure you want to risk messing up your historic floors doing an amateur refinishing job, there are tons of hardwood floor refinishing companies out there that can take care of your floors for you. Personally, I recommend Buff and Coat. They’ve refinished the floors in several historic homes that I’ve renovated, and always do a wonderful job.

No matter what you decide to do with your floors, don’t cover up that beautiful historic hardwood. Cheap linoleum and tiles may be enticing, but your home will look much better and retain its historic appeal with its classic hardwood floors. They’ll last longer and give you something to be proud of for years to come.


How to Protect Your Investment in Your Carpet

by Gail Brumfield

If you’ve never replaced the carpeting in a home, you may not appreciate the value of proper carpet maintenance. But if you have, you already know: New carpeting can cost thousands of dollars. For most of us, that’s a big investment, one that merits some extra care and effort to protect.

Despite the big cost of carpeting, many homeowners don’t do enough to protect it. While they wouldn’t dream of skipping a car’s oil change, for example, they’re perfectly comfortable with skipping a professional carpet cleaning. Unfortunately, the effect of neglect is similar for both carpets and cars: without regular maintenance, both wear out (and will need to be replaced) more quickly.

Consider this: Medium-grade carpet can last between five and fifteen years. Would you like to take care of your carpet and replace it in fifteen years? Or would you prefer to neglect it, and pay to replace it in five? With proper maintenance and care, you’ll enjoy the carpet for the duration of its intended lifespan. You won’t have to spend thousands to replace that carpet before its time.

Ready to invest a little effort to protect the investment in your carpet? Here’s what you need to do:

Vacuum, regularly. Plan to vacuum your carpet at least once a week, and potentially more in high-traffic areas. Perhaps you’re thinking that, even after two weeks since the last vacuuming, your carpet looks just fine. But that’s not the point. Regular vacuuming removes dirt, sand, and gravel before it has a chance to sink deep into your carpet. Once there, abrasive grit can damage carpet fibers; deep-down dirt is also harder to remove.

Remove stains, immediately. When a spill occurs, you need to stop what you’re doing and attend to it right away. You’ll need a white towel. You’ll also need a stain removal spray that won’t harm your carpet; test this spray in advance, in an out-of-the-way spot before applying it to any stain. Be sure to read the directions on the spray before applying it. After all, you’re trying to protect a big investment – remember?

Steam clean, periodically. Portable steam cleaners can help your carpeting maintain a neat and clean appearance; they’re also effective removing spots, stains, and grit missed by regular vacuuming. Instead of renting a steam cleaning machine, consider purchasing one; this investment will pay for itself after just a few uses. Again, be sure to follow the directions for proper operation. You don’t want to apply too much water or cleaning solution, and you don’t want to leave too much in your carpet.

Schedule professional cleanings, yearly. Despite your best efforts, your carpeting will collect dirt, grit, and stains over time. For a deep clean, you’ll need to rely on a professional carpet cleaner such as Chem-Dry. Professionals have more effective solutions and more powerful extraction equipment; they can remove dirt that homeowners can’t reach. Most carpet manufacturers suggest scheduling a professional cleaning once a year.

Hopefully, by now you agree: A little extra care is worth all of the money you can save by postponing that carpet replacement. And all the while, you’ll get to enjoy a carpet that looks and feels nice and clean.